The Colbrath Journal, part 1
We begin something new in this space, as "Letters from Home"
now presents transcriptions of period documents. The Colbrath journal
(as transcribed here) was originally found in a trunk in a house in Schenectady,
NY. This particular version is found in "Fort Johnson", written
by W. Max Reid, published in 1906 by G.P. Putnam's sons, NY. Any discrepencies
between this source and the original should be reported to
1777 Journal of the most material occurrences preceding
the siege of Fort Schuyler (formerly Fort Stanwix) with an account of
that siege, etc.
April 17th A detachment of Colonel Gansevoort's regiment,
under the command of Major Cochran, arrived to reinforce
Colonel Elmore, who was stationed there.
May 3d Colonel Gansevoort arrived and took command
of the garrison agreeable to instructions.
May 10th Colonel Elmore's regiment march for Albany.
May 28th The remainder of the regiment under the command of Colonel
Willett arrived here from Fort Constitution, who informed Colonel Gansevoort
that by order of Major Gen. Gates he had relieved Fort Dayton (then in
charge of Lieutenant Colonel Livingston), with one captain, two subalterns,
two sergeants, one drum and fife and forty rank and file of his detachment.
Some Oneida Indians arrived here with a flag from Canada, who informed
the Colonel that they had been to Caughnawaga to request them not to take
up the hatchet in favor of Great Britain and gave him assurance of that
tribe being much inclined to keep the peace, that had for so long a time
subsisted between them and their American brethren, and that some of the
sachems would be here in eight days on their way for Albany to treat on
this subject. And also, as they were going to Canada they met the enemy
on their march from thence to Oswego, being destined for this place, and
after the treaty was over, which Sir John Johnson was to hold with the
Indians in that country at Oswego, we might hourly expect them.
June 25th Cat. Grigg, with Corporal Maddeson of his company being
between the Forts Newport and Bull, about 1 ¼ miles from Fort Schuyler,
were attacked by a party of Indians who wounded and tomahawked them and
scalped them. The captain was alive when found, but the corporal dead.
July 3rd -- Ensign Sporr, being in command of seven men cutting sods for
the fort at Fort Newport, were attacked by a party of Indians, who killed
and scalped one, wounded and scalped another, and took the ensign and
four men prisoners.
July 19th Capt. Grigg, being much recovered of his wounds,
set off for Albany.
July 19th Same day arrived Captain Swartwout, Lieutenants Diefendorf,
Ball, Welch, McClellan, Bowen, Ostrander and Colbreath and Ensign Denniston,
with a number of recruits for the regiment.
July 26th The sachems of Caughnawaga arrived here with a flag agreeable
to the intelligence received from the Oneida Indians. A party of one hundred
of the garrison went to guard a number of the militia sent to obstruct
Wood creek by falling trees from either side into the creek.
On to Part Two